Ancient Fossil Unveils a Fascinating New Pterosaur Species Found in England

Unearthing a Flying Marvel: Meet Wightia declivirostris

A remarkable discovery has shed light on the prehistoric world, as scientists have identified a new genus and species of pterosaur from a partial fossilized jaw. This extraordinary finding was made on the Isle of Wight, located in southern England, where remnants of an ancient world are waiting to be unveiled.

Wightia decliʋirostris flying oʋer an oxƄow lake in the ʋalley of the ancient Wes𝓈ℯ𝓍 Riʋer that flowed froм Deʋon to the Isle of Wight. Iмage credit: Megan JacoƄs.

The newly-discovered flying reptile, named Wightia declivirostris, lived approximately 127 million years ago during the Cretaceous period. Belonging to the enigmatic Tapejaridae family, known for their small to medium size, Wightia had an impressive wingspan of up to 4 meters.

Tapejaridae: A Peculiar Family of Pterosaurs

One of the defining features of most tapejarids was their elaborate soft tissue crests, which extended from the front of their skulls. These magnificent crests likely played a role in sexual displays and could have been brightly colored, adding an extra level of spectacle to these ancient creatures.

Jurassic | Letters froм Gondwana.

While tapejarids are well-documented in the Araripe Basin of northeast Brazil and the Jiufotang Formation in China, their remains are incredibly rare in other parts of the world. In fact, fragments of tapejarids have only been sporadically reported from North Africa and Europe.

A Tale of Fragments: Uncovering Clues from Around the Globe

The discovery of Wightia declivirostris marks the first record of Tapejaridae in the United Kingdom, further highlighting the rich diversity of prehistoric species in this region. Professor David Martill from the University of Portsmouth expressed his excitement about the finding: “Although only a fragment of jaw, it has all the characteristics of a tapejarid, including numerous tiny holes that housed minute sensory organs for detecting their food, and a downturned, finely pointed beak.”

The partial preмaxilla of Wightia decliʋirostris. Scale Ƅars - 10 мм. Iмage credit: Martill et al, doi: 10.1016/j.cretres.2020.104487.

This newfound species has revealed intriguing connections between different parts of the world. The fossil exhibits closer similarities to the tapejarid genus Sinopterus from China, rather than the Brazilian tapejarids like Tapejara, Tupandactylus, and Caiuajara. As more discoveries unfold, scientists are gaining valuable insights into the evolution and distribution of these magnificent creatures.

In summary, this extraordinary fossilized jaw offers a glimpse into the breathtaking world of prehistoric pterosaurs. The discovery of Wightia declivirostris sheds new light on the diversity and distribution of tapejarids, bridging continents and enriching our understanding of Earth’s ancient skies.

Jurassic-era pterosaur on Skye hailed as UK's greatest fossil find for 200 years

The Isle of Wight continues to captivate paleontologists and enthusiasts alike with its exceptional fossil finds. Recognized as one of the world’s premier destinations for Cretaceous dinosaurs, this British island holds a treasure trove of ancient secrets waiting to be discovered. The unearthing of Wightia declivirostris adds yet another chapter to the island’s ever-growing paleontological legacy.